On December 26,a massive earthquake occurred under the Indian Ocean just off the coast of Indonesia. The 9. The event it is still impacting the region; programs and studies continue, both to support recovery efforts and to understand the science behind this devastating natural disaster.
Indian Ocean tsunami oftsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. On December 26,at am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.
But the size and location of the earthquake should not have come as a surprise. Palu is situated at the end of a long, narrow bay which is the surface expression of a very active fault, the Palu-Koro fault. The area is at high risk of tsunami, with several large earthquakes and tsunamis occurring along the fault within the past years.
On 26 Decthe fourth-largest earthquake in a century erupted underwater off the Indonesian province of Aceh, causing a tsunami that accelerate to speeds of more than kilometres per hour and barreled one-fifth of the way around the earth. More thanpeople died in 14 countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia, and as far away as Africa; most were women — in some places three times the number of men — the elderly and children. In all, nearly 2.
The word "tsunami" comprises the Japanese words"tsu" meaning harbour and "nami" meaning wave. A tsunami is a series of enormous waves created by an underwater disturbance usually associated with earthquakes occurring below or near the ocean. Volcanic eruptions, submarine landslides, and coastal rock falls can also generate a tsunami, as can a large asteroid impacting the ocean.